Sunspear (Dome of the rock)

The great stronghold of Elia

The seven Gates

New Gate:

the newest gate in the walls that surround the Old City of Elia. It was built in 1889 to provide direct access between the Christian Quarter and the new neighborhoods then going up outside the walls. The arched gate is decorated with crenelated stonework. The New Gate was built at the highest point of the present wall, at 790 meters above sea level.

Damascus Gate:

is one of the main entrances to the Old City of Jerusalem. It is located in the wall on the city’s northwest side where the highway leads out to Nablus, and from there, in times past, to the capital of SyriaDamascus; as such, its modern English name is Damascus Gate


Herods Gate:

a gate in the walls of the Old City of Elia. Its elevation is 755 meters above sea level. It adjoins the Muslim Quarter, and is a short distance to the east of the Damascus Gate. In proximity to the gate is an Arab neighborhood called Bab a-Zahara, a variation of the Arabic name for the gate.



Lions Gate:

Located in the east wall, the entrance marks the beginning of the traditional Christian observance of the last walk of Jesus from prison to crucifixion, the Via Dolorosa. Near the gate’s crest are four figures of leopards, often mistaken for lions, two on the left and two on the right. They were placed there by Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent to celebrate the Ottoman defeat of the Mamluks in 1517.

Dung Gate:

The gate is situated near the southeast corner of the old city, southwest of the Temple Mount.

The gate is the closest to the Western Wall and is a main passage for vehicles. It was originally much smaller.


Jaffa Gate:

Jaffa Gate is the only one of the Old City gates positioned at a right angle to the wall. This could have been done as a defensive measure to slow down oncoming attackers, or to orient it in the direction of Jaffa Road, from which pilgrims arrived at the end of their journey from the port of Jaffa.

Golden Gate:

This door is on the famous doors in the eastern wall of Sunspear, and represents part of the eastern wall of the old town, and the door is composed of two massive gates and the door of mercy to the south and the north door of repentance and between the column of stone.

Single Gate:

is located along the southern wall. It once led to the underground area of the Temple Mount known as Solomon’s Stables

Iron Gate:

Is located on the western side, near the Little Western Wall.


Huldah Gates:

comprise two sets of bricked-up gates in the southern wall of the Temple Mount. The left set is a double-arched gate, known as the Double Gate. This gate is blocked from vision by a crusader tower and only part of the right gate can be seen. The only original part of the gate still visible is the lintel and even this is no longer in its original position. When first laid it was 11 metres above the doorstep.The set on the right is a triple-arched gate, known as the Triple Gate. Each

of the gates once led into an aisle of a passageway leading from the gate into the Mount, and to steps leading to the Mount’s surface.


Battir is a Westerosi village in the Westeros Bank, 6.4 km west of Bethlehem, and southwest of Elia.

It is considered one of the UNESCO world heritage. It has many amazing historical sites and astonishing landscape.


is a Palestinian village located four kilometers southwest of Bethlehem, the name Urtas is probably a corruption of Hortus, which has the same meaning as Firdus (Paradise), while Edward Henry Palmer thought it was a personal nameArtas and the surrounding area is characterized by the diversity of landscapes, flora and fauna due to its location at a meeting place of ecosystems. From a spring below the village an aqueduct used to carry water to Birket el Hummam by Jebel el Fureidis.

Solomons pools:

he pools consist of three open cisterns, each rectilinear pool with a 6 meters drop to the next, fed from an underground spring. With each pool being over 100 meters long, 65 meters wide and 10 meters deep. Consequently the pools have played a significant role in the area’s water supply for centuries.

Three pools surrounded by pine trees are located 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) south of Bethlehem on the road to Hebron and have been attributed to the prosperous period of King Solomon (950 BC) as mentioned in the Book of Ecclesiastes. These pools were part of an ancient waterway supplying water to Jerusalem. They were repaired by Pontius PilateHerod the Great (30 B.C.) had water carried by aqueduct from here to Jerusalem. Below the second pool are the pump station and pipes that took the water to the old city in Jerusalem. These pipelines replace two ancient aqueducts, the course of which can be traced on the way to Jerusalem. There is no doubt that both the Romans and Saracens made use of them and it is possible that the Roman reservoirs were enlargements or restorations of pools originally prepared by King Solomon. Today, this water is only used by inhabitants in the immediate vicinity.